“I think sometimes bad behavior can be liberating for certain people,” Baumbach says. “They need to behave badly to find themselves– to go off path to find their path. You see it with kids all the time. They’re testing boundaries, and I think that’s healthy.”
Baumbach has so far built a career around movies about misfits who stumble through their lives, trying to find their way. His latest film, Frances Ha, which plays July 12 at The Tower Theatre, is no exception.
Co-written with star Greta Gerwig, Frances Ha features a protagonist who throws herself headlong into her dreams, even as their possible reality dwindles. Most of Baumbach’s protagonists have shared the same profound difficulties.
Baumbach’s feature-length debut was 1995’s Kicking and Screaming, a critical darling with an ensemble cast that featured 1990s indie mainstays Josh Hamilton, Eric Stoltz, and Parker Posey, among others.
In the film, following their graduation from a private college in Southern California, a pack of recent grads bumble their way through the first months of their lives without a syllabus. Each one refuses to move on, but each in a peculiar and painfully endearing way.
Stoltz, for example, plays a bartender who, after eight years of intentional classroom failures, decides to simply remain a student. He delivers one particular soliloquy about college that practically defines Baumbach’s overall aesthetic, as well as the slacker/overachiever identity crisis of Generation X: “Somehow I experienced my time [in college] as a postponement of my life. Eventually, I just realized that this … is my life.”
In December 2005, Filmworks screened Baumbach’s first major hit, The Squid and the Whale, starring Jeff Daniels, Laura Linney, and Jesse Eisenberg. The film was a Sundance favorite, and it won Baumbach an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay.
The movie follows a slowly disintegrating family in New York City after the separation of the parents. The tensions in their lives are amplified as the father spends more time teaching and less time writing, while the mother wins new and flattering acclaim.
Despite the storyline’s heavy subject matter, Daniels plays the down-and-out dad with a deadpan appeal. Baumbach’s worldview again shines through in a ping-pong scene where Daniels tells his youngest son (played by Owen Kline) about the dangers of being a Philistine, “a guy who doesn’t care about books or interesting films and things.” The son declares that he is, indeed, a Philistine, before allowing his suddenly deadbeat dad to win on the next serve.
Baumbach’s latest, Frances Ha, has drawn critical comparisons to Woody Allen and his classic black-and-white New York City film, Manhattan. A self-destructive state of “suspended maturity” marks many characters in the movies of both Baumbach and Allen, both for better and for worse.
Frances Ha is Baumbach’s second film working with Gerwig, and that might be what makes it a bit different from his earlier works. She became his girlfriend after co-starring with Ben Stiller in the director’s 2010 film Greenberg, a movie that many critics panned because they said Baumbach’s worldview had gotten too pessimistic and bleak– even for him.
Gerwig’s presence onscreen in both of her films with Baumbach has been lauded for its ebullience and charm. And as she mentions in a recent interview with Indie Wire, co-writing Frances Ha with Baumbach was collaborative and transformative, a lot like co-writing songs for a band.
“I’m not comparing us to The Beatles,” Gerwig says, “but you know like, Lennon and McCartney, they could both write songs on their own that were great, but something happened when they wrote together, which was impossible for either of them to achieve alone, but with both of their voices somehow writing the same song. So I obviously felt like we were writing the same song.”
The partnership with Gerwig has seemed to add yet another wrinkle into Baumbach’s writing: In a world of searching, wandering souls, there’s always room for a little klutzy happiness.
Jefferson Beavers serves on the Fresno Filmworks board. Based in Fresno, he works as a freelance journalist.